Hindustani Classical Vocal Music

Hindustani Classical Music, which was intimately associated with the north-Indian temple rituals, traces back its existence in the Shastras or ancient treaties in Sanskrit.

Rich contributions were made during the Muslim rule of the Moghuls. It reached the climax during the rule of Akbar in whose court Mian Tansen performed the best of Hindustani Classical Vocals.

It maintained accuracy of pronunciation, chastity of voice production and the chant-like intonation movement of the songs in the spirit of magical rites.

The raga or scale in Hindustani Music is in combination of fixed notes, ascending and descending within the octave. The content of the raga is completely improvisatory - dependent on the virtuosity of the artist.

There is a great deal of resemblance between the moods of nature and man and so these ragas are sung at an appointed hour of the day and night.

The different forms of Hindustani music are - Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khayal, Tappa and Thumri, with the last two being classified in light classical category by a few.

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